Every one considers mango fruit as the king of all fruits.
Mango fruit is a delicious seasonal fruit with oval egg shape and soft skin.
Mango fruit comes in wide varieties with a little difference in its size, shape, flavor, texture and color range from green, yellow, or red, but usually comes in a combination of these shades.
To have this delicious tropical mango fruit, proper care and maintenance is most essential right from the early stages.
Location: Location plays a vital role in mango plant growth. You can obtain mango of good size and color when you plant in a good conditioned location. Always plant a mango seed in a location having full sunlight and perfect drained soil.
Moreover, it is good to plant the seed close to your house or under the shade of a tall tree. As mango plant requires more sunlight, keep winter months in your mind and determine a best-suited location for your mango plant.
Planting: A good planting yields to a good and healthy plant growth. So, proper care must be taken while planting a seed or tree. Before planting, prepare the soil by loosening it 1-3 feet near the planting area.
Dig the area two times wider than the container and not much deeper than the root ball even though the soil is loose at the bottom of the hole.
When taking out the mango plant from the container, ensure that you don’t spoil or disturb the roots—more specifically the taproot. The plant can undergo a kind of shock when it is pulled using the trunk.
So, carefully place the container in the hole, cut edges and bottom of the container and plant it in the hole. Ensure that the root ball is 1-2 inches above the soil level for a better drainage.
Soil: A good thing about mango plant is that it grows well in almost any type of well-drained soil — sandy, loamy or clay. But ensure that your soil [soil testing] is not heavy and wet, as it reduces the plant growth.
For good plant growth, a deep soil is most essential to maintain its root extension system.
Fertilization: Like all plants, mango plant also requires fertilizers for a healthy growth. The most essential fertilizer for a healthy mango plant growth is nitrogen fertilizer.
A regular application of this fertilizer helps encourage healthy growth. It is good to use organic fertilizers, as other fertilizers may cause the plants expose to fertilizer burn.
Over fertilizing can damage young plants. So, fertilize according to the plant requirements. Remember that fertilizers are more essential for sandy soils than loam or clay.
Protection: It is good to provide some protection for the plant from frost threats during the first two years. Once it grows 3-4 feet high, give overhead protection although it is difficult. Methods such as overhead lath shelter, providing lights under the canopy help to avoid frost damages.
Pruning: Pruning is required very little for healthy trees. Pruning is essential to encourage new growth with regular annual bearing.
Pruning mango trees helps manage size with no loss of mango fruit. As debris can lead to severe dermatitis, it is good to evade burning pruning.
Fruit reap: Once the tree starts flowering, it takes about 100-150 days for the flower to mature into a mango fruit. Ripening the fruits on the tree gives best quality of the mango fruits. Ripening transforms the fruit into bright color and soft to touch.
Now, your delicious mango fruit is ready to eat!