Fruit Trees are sensitive to areas that they are planted and how they are cared for.
Most grow in a variety of soil types with good drainage; however, it is best to choose those that grow well in your area.
It is important that the type of fruit trees being kept receive an adequate amount of water.
Too much can cause problems for the root system as well as the fruits it bears. In some cases lime may have to be added to raise soil pH so it is suitable for tree growth.
Mulching also helps in weed control and water conservation. In other instances it also assists in cold protection in low temperature regions. The nutritional value required by fruit trees is dependant on the climate and type of tree that is being grown.
Special attention must be given when purchasing fertilizer minerals that are essential for the tree‘s survival. Newly planted trees should not have fertilizer until active growth after transplanting begins.
During the initial fruit bearing stages of a tree‘s life its branches are not fully developed for self support. It is necessary to create support for the branches and stem to stop it from breaking and damaging.
This can be done by creating wooden supports or to tie something at a higher altitude such that the branches can rest on them and stop from falling.
Pruning is another method used to make sure the tree takes on a desired shape. Tips of branches are pruned off in order that branching may occur. In turn this ensures that all parts of the tree get adequate sunlight for their growing process.
Pruning also aids in maintaining balance between replacement shoots and encouraging older growths to bear fruits in mature trees. The removal of dead or diseased branches also stops certain diseases from spreading to other parts of the tree and fruits.
Pests like aphids, fruit flies, codling moths and even birds are the biggest danger to the growth of fruit trees. It is essential to identify the insects that are affecting your tree before taking the necessary steps to initiate control over them.
Understanding the pests and their life cycles helps to determine the right traps, methods and sprays to use and the stages to which these effective measures can be implemented for the best results.
The use of specialized chemicals can assist to control insects however caution must be taken in applying these so as not to infect the tree or its fruits.
This can be done by watering and soaking a large area of the base of the tree such that the chemicals sprayed are heavily diluted. It keeps them from absorbing readily into the tree.