Garden design isn’t complicated, but in order to have a beautiful yet functional garden, there are a few basic principles behind it:
- When you are planning your garden design, you should carefully consider sun exposure and the location for your plants. Plants have their own sun exposure requirements, and failing to provide them with adequate sun will lead to slow growth.
Measuring sun exposure entails research on the various parts of your garden, and count the number of hours it gets full sun (6 hours or more), partial sun (3-6 hours), dappled sun (shaded areas), and areas of full shade.
- The next thing you should consider in garden design is the bones of your garden. Bones refers to the architectural backbone or frame of your garden. The bones are essential in garden design because they define the structure of the garden. They can be artificial or a shrub.
- One of the most fun areas when working with garden design is the color element. It is the most prominent feature of any garden, and the one that is usually noticed first. Being able to combine, contrast, and work with colors properly is an important element of good garden design.
The color wheel provides a simple and easy to use guide for understanding colors and their relationship to one another.
You can choose to work with harmonious tones, which complement each other and are next to each other on the color wheel, or contrast colors, those that lie opposite each other on the color wheel.
Based on the theme you want to work with, you can use harmonious tones in some parts of your garden, while it is contrasting in others.
- A focal point is also essential in good garden design. It directs the eye to a highlight in the garden, and it will be the first thing the eye will notice in any garden. The purpose of the focal point is to bring attention to it, after which one will be able to appreciate it and then scan the rest of the garden, appreciating the various plants one by one.
Focal points in your garden design can be furniture, such as a stunning water fountain, or even a plant that is much larger and brighter than the rest of the garden.
Once you’ve considered these elements, you will also need to draw up a budget so you don’t get carried away. Creating a new garden design doesn’t have to cost a lot of money.
You’d need to see how much you’re willing to spend for the garden, and place margins on the various things you will need to spend, such as plants, pots, seedlings, soil, garden planters, fertilizer, and other furniture you may want to add if you will be using artificial focal points.
When you’re working on your garden design, just follow the basic principles but let your creativity and individuality shine through. There’s no point of having a lovely garden if you’re not having fun doing it.