Soil is an essential aspect which cannot be ignored if you want your plants to achieve optimum growth.
Soil fertility is one of the most important factors in determining the growth of the plant. Soil is a vital foundation for a perfect garden and plant life.
If you want your garden to be healthy for a long time, soil fertility should be a premium. The higher the fertility, the higher the yield and quality of the crop.
Soil may be just a form of dust, but when mixed up with different items this dust becomes soil which promotes plant life.
Dust is mixed with certain organic and inorganic materials to form soil. The organic and inorganic particles can include rock, air, water, micro organisms, decayed plants and animals.
As the composition of organic and inorganic material proportion changes, different textures of soil are formed. The texture of the soil, of which there are many types, decides the fertility of the soil.
An important aspect of starting a garden is getting familiar with the texture of the soil. Soils cannot be divided into smaller sections, but they can be analyzed. All types of soils cannot be good garden soils, so here are a few tips to help you recognize different garden soils to help your garden plants grow healthily.
Sandy Soil: Preferred for plants that do not need much water, as this soil cannot withhold water for a longer time. This soil has large particles and the space between the particles is also more, so the water also drifts easily.
These larger pores in between the sand make the soil a very good source for transporting air, water to the plant roots. It cannot hold moisture for a longer time so the plant gets heated up early. Regular watering is prescribed for keeping the plant healthy and flourishing.
Silt Soil: This is referred as the best garden soil because of the variations it shows. Silt soil may not be the ideal soil for plants growth, but this is far better than clay soil and sandy soil.
It can withhold water for a longer and provide required dampness for the plant. This soil has more nutritious levels when compared to the sandy soil and less nutritious levels when compared with clay soil.
Clay Soil: This soil has small particles and these are closely packed soil. Water drifts slowly into the soil and the moisture is captured in the soil for longer time. This type of soil is not easy to use for beginners, sometimes this soil can become bit acidic and spoils the growth of the plant. When you are working with the wet clay soil you need to be careful as negligence can spoil the granular textures present in the soil.
Loam Soil: This is not naturally formed, mixing of sand and clay will give you loam soil. The sand present in the soil gives openness to the soil for free movement of air and water while the clay acts as a moisture holder or moisture retainer. Loam soil is ideal garden soil which satisfies all the properties of perfect garden soil.
Other garden soil are chalk soil, peat soil and subsoil.