Today, more and more people are showing interest in taking up a garden shrub than ever before.
Garden shrubs are not only a great way to add beauty to your house, but also increase your property value. Maintaining a garden shrub is easy as well as cost effective.
Types of garden shrubs
Wide varieties of shrubs are available for gardening. Depending on their appearance and use, the shrubs are categorized into evergreen and deciduous.
Evergreen shrubs usually persevere and maintain its color throughout the year. These shrubs enhance year-round beauty and prettiness to gardens.
Evergreen shrubs are divided into needled evergreen and broadleaf evergreen. Needled evergreen shrubs possess needle type foliage whereas broadleaf evergreen shrubs possess broad leaves.
Evergreen shrubs generally lose some of their leaves yearly. The broadleaf evergreen shrubs lose some of the older leaves in the winter season or when they start their re-growth in the spring. Needled evergreen shrubs maintain its foliage for at least two years.
Adam’s Needle (Yucca filamentosa): It is a common evergreen perennial shrub having lengthy deep underground stem. Rarely, it possesses an above ground stem.
The leaves usually emerge out from a rosette near the ground. The leaves will be grayish green, stiff and sword-shape with a sharp edge. The margins of the leaves are covered with a long, curly thread. The leaves also appear bell-shape with a creamy white color and ovate petals.
The plant lives long and remains drought resistant. It is well suited in dry regions where light and heat are more. Water the plant regularly for the first few years.
Take proper care while selecting the location. This is because the roots of the plant grows large and continues to grow deeper into the ground where removal becomes very difficult.
The other most common evergreen garden shrubs are Tarflower (Befaria racemosa), Fetterbush (Lyonia lucida), Azalea (Rhododendron), Darrow’s blueberry (Vaccinium darrowii), Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium fuscatum), Croton (Codiaeum variegatum var. pictum), Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia), Gall berry (Ilex glabra), American holly (Ilex opaca ait), Dahoon (Ilex cassine).
Deciduous shrubs are also known as non-evergreen shrubs and these shrubs usually alter its color and texture according to the season and drop their leaves in autumn season.
These shrubs can survive better under difficult growing conditions than other shrubs. These shrubs are measured under four categories, based on their habits, canes as well as the root spread.
Spirea (Spiraea nipponica): It is the most popular garden deciduous shrub for generations. These shrubs are very pretty and easy to grow than any other flowering shrubs. They adjust to a wide variety of soil types. However, they need a good amount of sunshine for flowering.
The height ranges 2 to 10 feet and it spreads 2-20 feet wide. They grow well in the spring or fall. The older shrubs of this type can endure dry soil and remains drought resistant whereas new plants needs to be kept wet while they are in the early stages of growth.
The other common deciduous garden shrubs are Dwarf huckleberry (Gaylusscia dumosa), Winter sweet (Chimonanthus praecox), Dwarf flowering almond (Prunus glandulosa), Mentor barberry (Berberis x mentorensis), Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia), Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergi), Slender deutzia (Deutzia graeilis), Flowering quince (Chaenomeles lagenaria), Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus).
Do not ever buy the wrong one by mistake! Check the shrub type and its full name carefully before purchasing the garden shrubs.